What to do in Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome


What to do in Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome

Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) is a hormonal disorder. Polycystic means many cysts. Due to the cyst, the necessary hormones do not work properly in the body. Along with this, male hormone predominance increases. It is caused by genetic factors and insulin resistance in addition to excess androgen hormones.

Reasons: Small cysts are formed around the ovaries due to the influence of androgen hormones in the female body. In this, the ovum that is supposed to grow and come out from the ovary, is obstructed. In this way, the eggs stop coming out at some point. This causes the ovaries of women with PCOS to not develop properly or to prevent ovulation during regular ovulation cycles. As a result, the regular menstrual cycle is interrupted. Generally, this problem is more common in women aged 18 to 40 years.

Symptoms: Irregular periods or excessive bleeding during periods, unwanted hair growth in different parts of the body, darkening, weight gain, oily skin and acne. Trouble sleeping, feeling weak and depressed, headache, inability to conceive and hair loss.

Complications: PCOS sufferers experience infertility, miscarriage, premature birth, gestational diabetes, gestational hypertension, abnormal bleeding, endometrial cancer, obesity, sleep apnoea, non-alcoholic steatohepatitis, metabolic syndrome, heart disease, and subsequent female children with PCOS. There is also a risk of complications.

Treatment: Patients with polycystic ovary syndrome need to know the number of cysts in the ovary, how high the level of androgen hormone in the body is, whether there are any other physical problems, especially diabetes or heart condition. Only then can you get pregnant. Hormonal birth control pills help regulate the menstrual cycle, relieve acne and prevent unwanted hair growth. Some medications help block the effects of androgens. It can help control acne and excess hair growth caused by PCOS. Metformin is a medication used to treat diabetes, which helps normalize the menstrual cycle by regulating insulin levels in the body. Ovarian cyst fluid is removed with the help of cyst aspiration procedure. Again, through ovarian drilling, small holes are made in the ovary, so that no more androgens can be produced.

Prevention: Drink plenty of water, eat fruits, vegetables and foods rich in magnesium. Fast food, oily food, excess sweets and carbohydrates should be stopped. Eat eggs and sea fish. Get used to healthy lifestyle by controlling weight. If necessary, consult a specialist doctor.


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