Learn about the two types of pancreatic cancer

 

Learn about the two types of pancreatic cancer

Learn about the two types of pancreatic cancer


The pancreas is located in the upper abdomen behind our stomach. Its main function is one of two. Beta cells make insulin and two. Making digestive juices for digestion. This means that if there is a problem in the pancreas, the affected patient will have digestive problems, weight loss, and also problems with blood sugar metabolism. Most people have no symptoms in the early stages of pancreatic cancer. When cancer spreads to other parts of the body, the disease is diagnosed. Then the treatment becomes quite difficult.


Symptoms: The main symptoms are fatigue, loss of appetite, jaundice, upper abdominal pain, back pain, nausea, weight loss, etc. Smoking, family history of pancreatic cancer, inflammation of the pancreas, excessive alcohol consumption, excessive weight gain increase the risk of this cancer.


Types: There are two types of pancreatic cancer. Its an exocrine pancreatic cancer. It is produced by cells that produce digestive juices. About 95 percent of cases are exocrine pancreatic cancers. It has many types. Adenocarcinoma, which starts in the cells and blocks the ducts of the pancreas. This type is seen as a common pancreatic cancer. There are also squamous cell carcinoma, adenosquamous carcinoma and colloid carcinoma. The second is endocrine pancreatic cancer. It starts in the part where insulin and other hormones are made.


Pancreatic cancer in the first stage is confined to the pancreas. In stage II, the cancer is confined to the pancreas. However, the tumor increases in size from 2 to 4 cm. In stage III, the tumor is larger than 4 cm in size and the cancer may have spread to nearby lymph nodes (lymph nodes). In stage IV, the cancer has spread to nearby blood vessels or nerves. In the fifth stage, the cancer has spread to distant parts of the body.


Treatment: Pancreatic cancer is treated depending on the stage and grade. First and second stage medical surgery. In this case, there is a possibility that the cancer will be completely cured. If it reaches the third and fourth stage, in that case the eradication of the cancer becomes impossible. Then the doctor performs a palliative operation. And if the disease is detected in the fifth stage, only the problems caused by cancer are treated. In that case surgery, chemotherapy, drugs and radiotherapy are given.

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