Diabetes in pregnancy, diabetes in pregnant women, gestational diabetes

 

Diabetes, pre-diabetes as well as gestational diabetes (GDM) rates are increasing in Bangladesh like other countries of the world.

According to one statistic, one in six babies face complications due to the mother's diabetes during birth. Diabetes during pregnancy

Diabetic women have more complications in conceiving; For example, overweight babies can occur at birth and immediately after birth or even death in the womb. Rates of premature births and birth defects in children are also high.

Diabetes in pregnancy, diabetes in pregnant women, gestational diabetes

Gestational diabetes is not only a complication of newborn or unborn child, maternal mortality due to uncontrolled diabetes is also increasing.

Diabetes during pregnancy Diabetes in pregnancy can cause pre-eclampsia, eclampsia, changes in water in the womb, kidney complications etc. Therefore, every woman who wants to have a child should be aware of this.

  • If pre-diabetes or pre-diabetes is known, the woman should seek pre-conception care as soon as she plans to conceive. At this time, the doctor will emphasize whether his blood sugar is under control or not. Many drugs for diabetes, high blood pressure or fat control are harmful to the fetus, so it is necessary to stop them beforehand and take safe insulin during pregnancy. A woman who wants to have a child should check her kidneys, urine, retina, etc. first.
  • Every childbearing woman without or known to have diabetes should be aware of the associated health risks before becoming pregnant. Blood pressure, sugar should be measured at the first check-up before having a child or after pregnancy is confirmed. Even if the blood sugar is normal at this time, there is nothing to worry about. This test should be done again in 24 to 28 weeks.
  • Pregnant women with diabetes should first be interested in healthy and nutritious food. Eating less caloric and fatty foods especially fast food, ghee, dalda etc., eating sugary foods like rice, flour/flour foods and sweet fruits in moderation, eating more fibrous foods, avoiding sugar/sweet foods.
  • Walk 30 minutes daily. If you can't walk for 30 minutes at a time, walking for 10 minutes three times will help control diabetes and maintain good health.
  • Regular follow-up with a gynecologist as well as a hormone and diabetes specialist.

According to research data, about 35 percent of pregnant women in the country have abnormal blood glucose levels. Besides, one out of every six pregnant women has diabetes.

Difference between type 1 and 2 diabetes, what is diabetes, how many types of diabetes?

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Recently, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU) Department of Maternal and Obstetrics, Department of Phytometal Medicine and Department of Endocrinology organized a seminar on pregnancy.

It is said that 50 percent of mothers with gestational diabetes did not have normal blood glucose after 6 weeks of childbirth. Gestational diabetes is increasing alarmingly in our country. This puts both the mother and the unborn child at risk. Good control of gestational diabetes can keep mother and child free from its ill effects. Diabetes during pregnancy

Gynecologist Dr. Manwara Begum said, a gestational diabetes patient needs to make some changes in diet under the supervision of a diabetes and hormone specialist. Insulin should be used if necessary. As there is a risk of diabetes later in life, the mother needs to maintain healthy habits throughout her life.

He said, if a mother is diagnosed with diabetes during pregnancy, she needs urgent treatment. This diabetes is very harmful for unborn babies.

BSMMU Mother and Obstetrics Department Chairman Professor Dr. Nasreen said, diabetic patients have to lead a very systematic life. And if pregnant mothers are diagnosed with diabetes, they have to be more careful.

Because diabetes can be life-threatening for the patient and the unborn child if it is not under control. So everyone should be more aware of this.

According to sources, diabetes patients are increasing at an equal rate in rural and urban areas of Bangladesh. 56 percent of patients have increased in the last two years. Besides, more than 80% of patients are not under control of diabetes even after taking insulin due to lack of regular treatment. How does gestational diabetes occur?

According to the statistics of Bangladesh Diabetes Association, about 540 million people are suffering from diabetes in the world and it is expected to reach 780 million in 2045. In 2021, about 6.7 million people died due to diabetes in the world. Besides, 1.3 million people in Bangladesh are suffering from diabetes.

In developing countries like Bangladesh, 26 out of 100 women are affected by gestational diabetes. About 60 percent of whom later develop type-2 diabetes.

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Associate Professor of BSMMU Endocrinology Department. Shahzada Salim said that the latest study funded by the World Health Organization has shown that 10.8 percent of the total population in the country is suffering from diabetes. That is, about 1 crore 80 lakh people are suffering from diabetes. Many people are suffering from diabetes and other diseases.

Chief among them is heart disease. 80 percent of heart disease patients die due to diabetes. 40 to 45 percent of kidney transplants required are due to diabetes.

Besides, diabetes is one of the leading causes of blindness. 29 percent of diabetic patients suffer from retinopathy. Fertility also decreases due to diabetes.

Dr. Bardem Academy director and professor of endocrinology department of the hospital. Md Farooq Pathan said that diabetes is a lifelong disease.

This disease is never completely cured. This disease is present all over the world. Prevalence is slightly higher in this subcontinent. Some diabetes risks are modifiable and some are not.

If someone's family, relatives and relatives have diabetes, then others are at risk of diabetes if they do not exercise, gain weight and fat.

Diabetic foot care

Everyone   forgets about  hands  and  feet  and is always busy with face care. But the care of the hands and feet is equally important as the face. Melanin production increases due to direct exposure to sunlight. As a result, we get dark spots on our skin. If you have fair skin but have dark hands and feet, feel no more shame. Because if you take care of your hands and feet by using the 12 tips given below daily, they will be as beautiful as your face. details

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Finally: Maternal diabetes, risk of diabetes in pregnant mothers

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