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What to do in children's coughs and colds


 

What to do in children's coughs and colds

From the beginning of winter, children start having cold and cough problems at home. Due to the change in weather and the fact that children have a lower immune system than adults, they catch colds very quickly during this time.

Many children suffer from frequent colds during this season. In some cases, colds also cause shortness of breath.

When we have a cold, we start giving unnecessary antibiotics to the child, thinking it is pneumonia. Overuse of antibiotics may pose a health risk to the baby.

If the problem of cold and cough occurs, you can try to keep the child healthy through some simple home remedies without giving harsh antibiotics in the initial stage.

Taking extra care of the baby at home in the initial stage and following some precautions can also reduce the risk of getting any major diseases. In this article we have tried to discuss in detail about home remedies for cold related problems like cold in children. It will be possible to protect the child from major diseases.

Home remedies to relieve children from cold and cough

Symptoms

Dry cough is usually more common during the running season. Cough is often accompanied by shortness of breath, choking, which is more difficult for children.

In some children, after a cold, a bacterial infection develops into pneumonia. However, this is not the case for all children.

If there is only a dry cough, then there is nothing to fear, Professor Dr. Mahbubul said, "If the children breathe faster than usual when they are cold, have difficulty breathing, make noise while breathing, stop eating and drinking or if they have a high fever, they should consult a doctor."

'In this case the absence of fever is very important. A fever is a sign of infection. But if there is only cough without fever, it is mainly due to allergies and weather, he said.

Adenovirus

This paediatrician comments on adeno virus, 'Basically children are infected with this virus. This virus has existed since the beginning of the world, is still there, and will be there in the future.

Sometimes its level increases, sometimes decreases. There is no information about getting a new variant of this virus yet. The recent outbreak of the virus in West Bengal has created panic there. But, there is nothing to panic.'

'The downside of this virus is that once it's there it takes a long time to heal. Prolonged cough and shortness of breath. Whenever the cough does not subside or the cough is accompanied by shortness of breath, medication usually relieves the shortness of breath. But when the breathlessness doesn't subside even after giving medicine and there are no signs of pneumonia, we know it's an adenovirus infection.'

Prevention and treatment of children's cold problems

  • Try to keep the body warm.

  • Get enough rest.

  • Sponge the body with lukewarm water.

  • Drink breast milk and fluids.

  • Feed soup to children above 1 year of age.

  • Children over 2 years of age should drink 1 to 2 glasses of orange juice.

  • If you have a sore throat, gargle with warm water mixed with salt. This advice does not apply to children under 1 year of age.

  • Mix a pinch of dry ginger with a spoonful of honey and feed. If the baby is less than one year old, do not give honey.

  • Heat less than half a teaspoon of black cumin seeds, two cloves of garlic and a cup of mustard oil and massage the baby's chest and back.

  • Chop a medium sized onion and soak it in water for six to eight hours. Mix two-three spoons of honey with it and feed it twice a day. This advice does not apply to children under 1 year of age.

  • Chewing two cloves of raw garlic every morning on an empty stomach is good.

  • Mix a teaspoon of honey in lemon water and feed it to the baby. Honey destroys respiratory bacteria, removes phlegm from the chest and clears the throat.

  • If you have a cough, you can eat hot soup. It can reduce cough and sore throat.

  • You can give misri to the child to get rid of cough. Misri keeps throat moist, reduces throat irritation.

  • Ginger, basil leaves can be crushed and mixed with honey.

  • Warm milk mixed with turmeric removes the problem of cold and cough, accumulated phlegm.

Things to keep in mind during colds

  • Keep the child in a well-ventilated room.

  • Make sure that the baby does not have difficulty breathing.

  • Always keep baby's nose clean.

  • Try to eat nutritious food.

  • Care must be taken to ensure that the child is getting enough sleep.

  • Place an extra pillow under the baby's head at night to help drain mucus from the nose.

  • Do not keep any pets in the house during this time.

  • Try to keep the child clean.

Precautions to follow during cold

  • Whatever method you choose, make sure it is appropriate for your child's age. If the baby is less than one year old, then you can not take him in hot water steam. Instead, hot oil massage will help.

  • Keep the baby in the sun for some time every day. Vitamin D will enter the body and the immunity of the child will also increase.

  • Wear a thin jacket or sweater, especially at night and early morning.

  • Do not give any cold food or drink at this time.

When to consult a doctor?

  • If the child has a seizure.

  • Fever rises above 104°F.

  • If the lips and face turn blue.

  • If dehydration occurs.

  • If not fully conscious even when awake.

  • Rapid breathing or shortness of breath.

  • When the rib cage moves in with breathing.

What to do if a child coughs

In addition to these reasons, if the signs or symptoms of other long-term diseases increase; If the fever-cough comes back after a little reduction or if the above symptoms suddenly increase, the child should see a doctor immediately. Now you can take doctor's consultation through video call from the comfort of your home with Doctime app. You can inform the doctor about any health problem of the child at any time. If you follow the doctor's advice in the initial stage, any complications can be avoided.

What to do to prevent your baby from catching a cold

A common cold clears up within 7-10 days. However, due to the low immunity of children, there is a possibility of suffering complications like pneumonia even from common colds. For this reason, some additional prevention should be taken for the child to keep away from cold related problems. What to do to protect the child from the outbreak of cold -

A cough does not mean that the child is sick
  • Vaccinate the child against infections.

  • Cover the baby with blankets or warm clothes in cold weather.

  • Wash hands at regular intervals.

  • Be careful not to touch your nose and mouth.

  • Eat more vitamin C-rich foods.

  • Keep children away from dust.

  • Wipe off immediately if the body sweats.

  • Keep it between 26-28 degrees centigrade if the AC is running in the room.

What to do if a newborn baby has a cold and cough

"Don't panic and take precautions to prevent this disease. If there is an emergency or if the symptoms mentioned above appear, one should consult a doctor', added this doctor.

Finally : Home remedies to relieve children from cough and cold related diseases

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