The reason for the enlargement of the prostate gland, what to do if the prostate gland is large

রোগ ব্যাধি লাইফ স্টাইল স্বাস্থ্য


 The reason for the enlargement of the prostate gland, what to do if the prostate gland is large


The prostate is a beetle-like fleshy lump that surrounds the urethra below the neck of the male bladder. Its main function is to supply the sperm with the liquid part of the semen.


Reasons for growth: With age (over 50 years of age) there are some changes in the body’s hormones. This change in hormones is considered to be the cause of enlargement of the prostate gland (benign enlargement of the prostate).


Consequences of growth: First, the number of prostate cells around the urethra increases and compresses the urethra.


Second: The middle of the prostate gland grows and blocks the way out of the urethra. As a result, urine cannot come out easily from the bladder.

Symptoms of the disease: Frequent urination, dripping urine, emptying of the bladder after urination, inability to control the speed of urination, impaired urination speed and stopping in between, urinary bladder overflowing and dripping with blood and urine To go


Diagnosis: The disease can be diagnosed by reviewing the history, physical examination and symptoms of the patient. An important part of the physical examination is the DRE (examining the prostate with a finger in the anus to gain an idea of ​​the size, nature, type and structure of the prostate gland).


Other than the swelling of the prostate, the other symptoms that can cause the above symptoms are: bladder stones, inflammation of the urinary tract, diabetes, nerve disease, prostate cancer, stroke, injury / gonorrhea.


(Stricture) Different methods and different types of treatment are given depending on the level of symptoms of the disease-

1. Changing the quality of life: Prostate enlargement can be prevented by changing the lifestyle or controlling the amount of water and fluids. In this case, it is not necessary to take medicine.


2. Introduction to drugs: Two types of drugs are commonly used to prevent prostate gland enlargement.


A) Alpha blocker drugs, which relax the bladder cervix. B) Hormone therapy, which helps to keep the prostate gland small.


3. Surgery: The enlarged part of the prostate can be treated by cutting it with an endoscopic device and dilating the urethra. This procedure is called TURF or trans urethral resection of the prostate. In this method, the outer part of the body is not cut in any way, so the patient can usually be discharged from the hospital after three days and go home.


Laser treatment: This method used to cure prostate problems is very safe and it is safe to say that bleeding is almost non-existent with this method of surgery. After a laser prostatectomy, you only have to stay in the hospital for 2 days. Pacemaker implants are also risk-free for heart patients and patients taking blood thinners.


The prostate is a small gland that men have. It is located just below the bladder. The prostate surrounds the urinary tract or urethra. It is usually shaped like a walnut. Although all men have a prostate, it usually begins to grow in middle age. As we age, the prostate gets bigger and it obstructs the urinary tract. An enlarged prostate gland is called ‘hypertrophic’ and this condition is called benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH). However, enlargement of the prostate does not mean prostate cancer.

Complications

Prostate enlargement can lead to serious complications if left untreated. If this gland is large, it prevents urine from coming out of the bladder. This puts extra pressure on the bladder. This pressure pushes the urine back through the urethra and into the kidneys. The enlarged ducts and kidneys become larger. At one point the kidney lost its function. Weakening of the bladder wall leads to recurrent infections, which can spread to the kidneys and cripple them.

Symptoms

Weakening of urine flow, stopping, resumption

ইত Hesitation while urinating. Feeling we have ‘Run out of gas’ emotionally.

Frequent urination during the day.

Urinary tract infections.

Feeling the urge to urinate, not feeling the urge to urinate.

Experimentation


The prostate gland is examined by inserting a finger into the anus to see if it is enlarged. It shows the size of the prostate gland and whether there are any abnormalities. Laboratory tests include urine and PSA tests. Some other tests like Euroflowmetry and PVR are very helpful. Ultrasound examination of the prostate is very helpful to know the exact size of the prostate gland and to check if there is any cancer.

Treatment


Surgery: Transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) is the most common surgery. In this case, a device is inserted through the urethra to the point of the prostate where the speed of urination is obstructed. Excess tissue is then cut.

Laser surgery: Treatment of prostate enlargement laser surgery is a lot like TURP. In this case, the test is inserted through the urinary tract.


Open prostatectomy: If the prostate gland is too big, it is treated with open prostatectomy. In this case the lower abdomen is cut and the operation is done and part of the prostate gland is taken out. This treatment usually has quick and long lasting benefits of urinary problems.


Finasteride: It is an oral drug that compresses the prostate gland. This improves urinary symptoms. Many times if you stop taking the medicine, the symptoms may appear again. As a side effect, sexual desire decreases.


Alpha Blocker: Alpha Blocker drugs are also used for prostate enlargement problems. These drugs help to reduce the problems by relaxing the muscles of the prostate. This can lead to headaches, fatigue or low blood pressure. For this you need to take the advice of a regular doctor during the treatment.

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