What is eye irritation?
Eye irritation is the feeling of itching, pain or burning in the eyes. It often recurs with tears. Blepharitis, dry eyes, conjunctivitis and eye allergies are some of the common causes of eye irritation.
What are the main associated signs and symptoms?
The most common recurring symptoms associated with eye irritation are:
Tears fall from the eyes
Pain with redness of eyes
Specific symptoms depending on the underlying disease are:
Blepharitis: It is an inflammation of the eyelids where the base of the eyelids looks oily, dandruff-like flakes with the presence of stains (red, swollen, the presence of delirium near the eyelids)
Dry eyes: It is a painful and irritating feeling in the eyes; Redness of the eyes; Formation of mucus layer around or in the eye; Something in the eyes indicates the feeling of being stuck
Eye allergies or conjunctivitis: Allergies and conjunctivitis inflammation pain, swelling and itching of the eyes; Teary eyes; Itching, runny nose and sneezing
What are the main causes of eye irritation?
Common causes of eye irritation are:
Dysfunction of the lacrimal glands and ducts
Uncomfortable substances such as dust and pollen can enter the eye and cause allergies
Due to sunburn in ultraviolet light
Rare causes of eye irritation are:
If in smoke, air or very dry climate
If you have been using contact lenses for a long time
Rheumatoid arthritis, thyroid disease and lupus
Some medicines like sleeping pills, heartburn medicines
How is it diagnosed and treated?
It is very important to diagnose the underlying disease in order to treat eye irritation. The doctor takes a thorough medical history, noting whether it is related to any allergies or to uncomfortable and infectious agents.
Physical examination is performed with a slit microscope to check for swelling and redness. Tear flow and tear density are also examined.
Treatment for eye irritation depends on the underlying condition. These are:
Antibiotics for infections.
Artificial tears or decontaminated eye drops and hot steam to relieve pain and swollen eyes.
In case of allergies, the doctor will advise to stay away from certain allergens.
Here’s how to take care of yourself:
Maintaining good hygiene is of utmost importance.
Antibiotic sprays and shampoos, baby shampoo can be used to wash your eyelids, hair and scalp.
In case of sunburn, use sunglasses to avoid exposure to sunlight.
Saline eye drops are essential after removing allergens from dust or any other irritating exposure.
Plenty of water and fish oil supplements help maintain eye moisture.